Zebu Blogs

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What Is Bottom Fishing?

Bottom fishing is the practice of investing in assets that have gone down in value, either because of internal or external factors and are thought to be undervalued. Every move in the share market is critical, but so is the technology you use to make those moves. As an experienced online trading company, we offer our users a seamless online trading platform and the lowest brokerage options to support their trading journey. How to Figure Out Bottom Fishing Investors who use the bottom-fishing strategy are called "bottom fishers." They bet, using either technical or fundamental analysis, that an asset's low price is only temporary and that it will rise again over time to become a profitable investment. Bottom fishing can be a risky strategy when asset prices are down for a good reason or a smart strategy when asset prices are trading at irrationally low prices. Bottom fishing is based on the tried-and-true method for making money in the stock market, which is to buy low and sell high. In short, look for value and invest in it. Value investors like Warren Buffett and Benjamin Graham have made a lot of money by buying assets that are selling for less than they are really worth and waiting for prices to go back to normal. Bottom fishing as a way to make money has often been thought of as more of an art than a business strategy because it is so abstract. The most important thing to know about this art is that a successful bottom fisher doesn't try to buy a stock at its absolute lowest price, but rather at a point where it has the best chance of going up. The best way to describe the risk of bottom fishing is with the market saying, "There's a reason why the price is where it is." Simply put, the market is always deciding how much a security is worth. If the value of a security has dropped sharply, there may be a good reason or reasons for the drop. It is very hard, if not impossible, to tell if this drop is due to something temporary, like panic selling, or if it is a sign of deeper problems that are not obvious. Here are some examples of bottom fishing: Putting money into the stock of an aluminium company when the price of aluminium is low. Buying shares of a company that ships containers during a recession. Putting money into a print media company when the internet is driving them out of business. Buying shares of a bank when the economy is in trouble. In each of these situations, it's not clear when or if the stock price will go back up, but you could make a case either way. During the 2008 financial crisis, investors who bought bank stocks made a lot of money, but investors in print media companies may have lost money because the industry has never been able to fully recover from the increasing competitive pressures. Strategies for bottom fishing Bottom fishing is appealing because it has a higher chance of making money than assets that are fairly valued or overvalued. Bottom fishing is most popular in bear markets, which makes sense. Value investing is the most common way to fish at the bottom. Value investors look for opportunities where the market may be pricing assets too low. They do this by looking at valuation ratios and predicting future cash flows. A company that had a bad quarter because of a problem with its supply chain and saw a big drop in sales would be a great example. Value investors might decide that this is an isolated incident and buy the stock in the hopes that it will recover and trade at a price that is more in line with its peers. Many traders also use technical analysis to find stocks that have been oversold and could be good opportunities for bottom fishing. For example, a company may report quarterly financial results that are worse than expected and see a big drop in price. Traders may see that the pressure to sell is starting to ease and decide to go long to take advantage of the short-term recovery. Often, these traders will use technical indicators that help them figure out if a security has been oversold or look at patterns in candlestick charts to do the same thing. As an experienced online trading company, we offer our users a seamless online trading platform and the lowest brokerage options to support their trading journey.

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How Traders Earn Passive Income From Cash Covered Puts

Futures and options are two types of derivatives contracts. They are used not only to protect the equity position but also to make a steady income. Many traders and investors combine futures, call options, and put options to make regular money from the stock market. They do this by using their holdings and balance margin to start trades. In this blog post, we'll look at how selling cash-secured puts can be used as a way to make money on the stock market. Are you a regular trader? Then, Zebu’s lowest brokerage for intraday trading plans is what you need. As a share broking company, we understand that the lowest brokerage plans can help our users tremendously. How do cash-secured puts work? As part of an option-selling strategy called "cash-secured put selling," you set aside enough money to buy a stock at a certain price and then sell the put option for that price. The goal is to buy the stock for less than what it is worth on the market. There are, however, some risks involved. The first risk is that the price of the stock may never drop to the level where the trader wants to buy it. This could make it impossible to buy the stocks in the long run. The second risk is that the price of the stock could fall way below the strike price. Why selling cash-secured puts is a good idea To make money from the option premium, cash-secured puts are usually sold. How much you get depends on the value of the security and how much you are willing to pay for it. Gains Invested Quickly Cash-secured puts can give you cash right away. It can make option income more appealing and can also help reduce risk. You can get paid to invest A cash-secured put strategy is a great way to get paid to buy the stock you want to buy. This strategy lets you choose from a number of strike prices and expiration dates. Low-dividend stocks can be profitable If you want to increase your cash flow but don't want to be limited by a low dividend yield, you can do so by selling cash-secured puts. Risks involved in this strategy Multiples of the Lot Size Futures and options, which are examples of derivatives, can only be traded in lots. This method won't help you if you want to buy stocks in a very small amount or a fraction of the lot size. Not being able to profit from price correction Most investors who want to own shares of a company in the long run shouldn't use the cash-secured put strategy. If the price of shares stays high, they may never be able to buy any. Repeated Actions Most investors are more interested in a simple "buy and hold" strategy. In this strategy, you sell cash-secured puts so that you can buy stocks when the person who bought the put options decides to sell. Since the option doesn't have to be used, it takes more time to go through the same process every time it expires. Effects on tax When you sell cash-secured puts, the money you make is considered business income and is taxed based on the trader's tax slab. If the trader owned the stock, he or she would get money from dividends and the increase in value of the stock. Together, these two types of income might have a lower tax rate. Getting to Know with an Example Let's say that the price of Stock XYZ is Rs. 250 right now. Stock XYZ's derivatives contract has a lot size of 100 shares, and you want to buy 100 shares of XYZ for Rs. 235. You can make money by selling the 235 strike price put option every month and keeping the premium. Let's say that for the current month, the premium for 235 put options is Rs. 8. You get Rs. 800 when you sell that put option (Rs. 8 x 100 shares). This means that you are willing to buy 100 units of the stock XYZ for Rs. 235 at the end of the expiration period if the price at that time is Rs. 250 or less. For this obligation to buy, you need to keep an account balance of Rs. 23,500 (Rs. 235 x 100 shares). If the stock price goes above Rs. 235, you get to keep the entire premium you got for selling the put option with a strike price of Rs. 2350. The Bottom Line: Cash-secured put selling is a strategy that involves buying a security at a price that you would be willing to pay. This method works for people who want to make more money or feel safer without spending too much. You might not want to sell cash-secured puts because the deal is complicated and you don't want to own the security. This strategy could be better for investors and traders who want to make money on the stock market without doing much work. If you are a regular trader then, Zebu’s lowest brokerage for intraday trading plans is what you need. As a share broking company, we understand that the lowest brokerage plans can help our users tremendously.

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Here’s How Volatility Impacts Put and Call Prices Equally

What does it mean to say that something is volatile? Volatility, in simple terms, is a way to measure risk. But in technical terms, what does volatility mean? It can be thought of as the average difference between returns and the mean. Every investor wants a way to put their money to work that will give them predictable returns over time. When returns are too unstable, they can't be predicted. At that point, the asset is worth less than it did before. Investors usually don't like stocks that are too volatile, and those stocks tend to be worth less. But did you know that when it comes to options, it's the other way around? In fact, volatility makes both call options and put options worth more. As we all know the market is volatile, but your platform does not have to be. Zubu, one of India’s top brokerage firms provides our users with a seamless online trading platform that can help them create the best trading accounts. Usually, volatility and the prices of assets go in opposite directions. The risk is higher when the volatility is high, and when the risk is high, the returns are lower than expected. Investors are always willing to pay more for stability than for risk. But things are very different when it comes to call and put options. When the market gets more volatile, both call and put options are worth more. So, let's figure out why volatility makes the price of options go up. Let's also look at the relationship between how volatile an option is and how much it costs. How does this affect the implied volatility between a call and a put? First, let's look at what it means for call options. Volatility means that the stock's returns are likely to be very different from the mean. It also means that there is too much uncertainty in this situation. But why does that make the put option worth more money? Let's start by looking at the basic Black-Scholes model. According to the Black Scholes model, the price of an option is affected by 5 main factors: Market Price of the Stock: When the stock price goes up, the value of the call option goes up, but the value of the put option goes down. Strike Price of the Stock: When the strike price goes up, the value of a call option goes down, but the value of a put option goes up. Interest rates: When interest rates go up, the present value of the strike price goes down. This makes the call option more valuable and the put option less valuable. The value of a call option and a put option goes down if the time until maturity or expiration goes down. The value of both the call option and the put option increases when the stock's volatility increases. As you can see from the points above, volatility is the only thing that affects both call and put options in the same way. The time to expiration is the same, but it is a subset of volatility because a longer time to expiration makes people expect more volatility. But why does volatility have the same effect on calls and puts? It's not hard to figure out why. Both calls and puts on an option are not the same. This means that the person who bought the option will only use it when it is good and will not pay the premium when the price goes down. This rule is true for both call and put options. The risk of going up or down is high when volatility is high. When there is a risk of going down, the person who bought the call option won't pay the premium. When there is a chance of going up, the person who bought the call option will make a lot of money. Put options are also subject to the same rule. This is why call options and put options are worth more when the market is volatile. This shows that the value of the call option and the put option goes up when volatility increases, as long as all other factors stay the same. Zubu, one of India’s top brokerage firms provides our users with a seamless online trading platform that can help them create the best trading accounts. Visit us for more information.

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Why You Should Know Time Value Before Trading In Options

When it comes to trading options, the time value of an option is one of the most basic and important things to understand. In technical terms, it is called "Theta," which shows how an option's value decreases over time. Before we get into the details of time value and time decay, let's take a quick look back at what options are and how they work. Before we get into understanding the importance of time value in trading, we should understand that the right technology is equally important. As a share broking company, we offer our clients a seamless online trading platform and also provide them with the lowest brokerage on intraday trading, to make their journey as a trader as smooth as possible. So, what are options really all about? As the word "option" suggests, it is a right that doesn't have to be used. Unlike a futures contract, which is both a right and a duty, this is not the case. The buyer of the option has the right to buy or sell the underlying asset at an agreed-upon price (strike price). If the price change goes in the buyer's favour, he will make money, but if the price change goes against him, he will not use the option. That doesn't seem fair to the person who sold the option, does it? Not at all! Since the person who buys the option has a right but no obligation, the person who sells the option has a duty but no right. The seller won't do that for free, that much is clear. The person who buys an option pays a certain fee to the person who sells the option for the right to do something without having to do it. This fee is called an "option premium," and it is what gets traded on the NSE when you buy and sell options. The buyer of the option pays the option premium to the seller of the option as a reward for taking on the obligation without the right. Options can be either "call" or "put." Call options give you the right to buy something, while put options give you the right to sell something. You buy a call option if you think the price of a stock will go up. If you think the price of a stock will go down, on the other hand, you will buy a put option. Even though it sounds easy, it's not as easy as it sounds. Getting to the heart of an option's intrinsic value and time value. Before you can understand the idea of time value, you need to know about the three types of options below. 1. An In-The-Money (ITM) option is a contract for an option that has an intrinsic value that is greater than zero. If the market price of the Nifty is higher than the strike price, a call option on the Nifty is in the money. If the market price of the 17000 Nifty call option is Rs.70 and the spot Nifty is at 17100, then the intrinsic value of the Nifty call will be Rs. 100 (17100-17000). The option's time value will be the remaining value, which is Rs.30. So, of the Rs.70 option premium that is being quoted on the market, Rs. 100 is due to intrinsic value and Rs. 30 is due to time value. If the spot price of the Nifty is lower than the strike price of the put option, the option is in the money. 2.An "at the money" (ATM) option is a contract for an option that has a value of zero. If the market price of the Nifty is the same as the strike price, it will be an ATM for a call option on the Nifty. Since there is no intrinsic value, the time value is the only thing that makes the option worth anything. 3. Out-of-the-Money (OTM) options are option contracts where the market price is lower than the strike price for a call option or higher than the strike price for a put option. According to our formula, the intrinsic value will be negative, but since the intrinsic value can't be negative, we'll treat it as zero. So, only time value will make up the option premium. At the beginning of the month, ATM options have the highest time value, followed by ITM options and then OTM options. In the long run, the time value of all three options will tend toward zero as the expiration date gets closer. Even though the OTM and ATM options themselves have no value, the option premium for ITM options will still be positive because they have intrinsic value. Why is time value such an important part of trading options? An option is a wasting asset because its time value tends to go to zero as its expiration date gets closer. This loss of time is also called "Theta." Time and volatility are two of the most important parts of time value. For both call options and put options, the time value goes up as the time to expiration goes up. Even if the option is still Out of the Money, a rise in volatility can cause the time value to rise. The person who buys the options bets that volatility will make the time value go up, while the person who sells the option hopes that the time value will work in his favour so that the option expires worthless. This is the main idea behind trading with options. As a share broking company, we offer our clients a seamless online trading platform and also provide them with the lowest brokerage on intraday trading, to make their journey as a trader as smooth as possible. Contact us to know more.

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Factors That Decide An Option’s Premium

Factors That Decide An Option’s Premium Any trader will tell you that in order to be successful, you have to understand and, more importantly, master the concept of option pricing and how to figure out its correct value. When you look at all the things that affect an option's price, you can figure out what its real price is. Let's look at oil as an example. The final prices of petroleum depend on consumer demand, the price of crude oil, the time of year, local and state taxes, refinery output, etc. If you want to know or figure out the price of an option before you buy or sell it, you can use a mathematical model like the Black Scholes model. You only need to think about the different parts of the model to figure out the right price. Being a successful trader depends on several things, but most importantly it depends on the kind of platform you use to trade. As a stock broker, we understand this and offer the best trading platform to our users that provides them with the best trading accounts. Putting a price on an option depends on a number of things. The stock's current price: If you're interested in a call option that lets you buy shares of X company for, say, Rs 350 each, you'd probably be willing to pay more for that call when the stock is trading at Rs 320 instead of Rs 350. This is because the call option gets much closer to being ITM at Rs 49 than it would have been if it traded at Rs 40. Put options, on the other hand, do the opposite. The Strike Price: This is the price that a call owner has to pay to buy stock, while a put owner has to pay if he wants to sell his stock. This is like the example that was given above. Most of the time, it costs more to get the right to buy stock at Rs 350 than at Rs 380. The average investor would, of course, like to have the right to buy stocks at lower prices at any time of day. With the strike price going down, this makes calls cost more. In the same way, the value of puts goes up when the strike price goes up. Time before expiration: It's important to remember that all options have a set amount of time they can be used and usually end on or after a certain date. Because of this, the value of an option goes down as time goes on. The more time there is until expiration, the more likely it is that you can make moves that will make you money. Interest rates: This is not a very important factor when figuring out the price of an option. When interest rates go up, so do the prices of call options. When the trader chooses the call option instead of the stock, any extra cash in his account should, at least in theory, earn him interest. This doesn't really happen in the real world, but the basic idea makes sense. Dividends: When a stock trades but the owner doesn't get any dividends, this is called "ex-dividend," and the price of the stock goes down by the amount of the dividend that was due. When dividends go up, put values go up and call values go down. Volatility is thought to be the most important variable. In simple terms, volatility is the difference between the prices of stocks from one day to the next. It can also be called swings in the price of a stock. When compared to stocks that are less likely to change, volatile stocks are more likely to have a different strike price level. When investors make big moves, their chances of making money go up. So, options on stocks that change a lot are definitely more expensive than options on stocks that change less or not at all. So, it's important to remember that even small changes in estimates of volatility have a big effect on the prices of options. Volatility is usually thought of as an estimate, and if you only have an estimate, especially of future volatility, it's almost impossible to figure out the right option value. As we mentioned earlier being successful as a trader depends on several things, but most importantly it depends on the kind of platform you use to trade. As a stock broker, we understand this and offer the best trading platform to our users that provides them with the best trading accounts.

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5 Reasons Why Investing In Penny Stocks Is Risky

Even if you don't invest in the stock market often, you are likely to get calls and texts from unknown brokers trying to sell you penny stocks. What are penny stocks, anyway? On the US stock market, stocks that are trading for less than $1 are called "penny stocks." Penny stocks are usually stocks that are trading for less than Rs.20 in the Indian market. Another definition is stocks that are trading for less than their par value or face value. The main point of the story is that these penny stocks are shares of companies that most people have never heard of and whose business models aren't very good. Here's why you shouldn't fall for the allure of penny stocks, even if they look very appealing. As experienced share brokers we want to offers the best online trading platforms, and the best trading accounts for our users. 1. Penny stocks are cheap because they might not be worth much. Penny stocks are usually quoted at very low prices because that is what they are worth. Some penny stocks are sold as good investments because their P/E ratio is low. That can be hard to understand. The P/E ratio shows how much people trust and care about a stock, and a low P/E usually means that people don't trust the stock. Most of the time, these companies also use creative accounting to make their profits look bigger than they really are. Don't get tricked by a low P/E. 2. It's easy to trade in circles with them, and you could get caught. What does it mean to trade in a circle? Here, a group of brokers make a deal with the promoters to drive up the price of the stock by making fake demand for it. Most of the time, if A, B, and C are all trading in the stock, one of them will be either the buyer or the seller. But when the markets see that the stock is consistently being bought and its price is going up, a lot of small investors tend to become interested. As soon as there is enough interest from retail investors, these "circle traders" get out of the stock, leaving retail investors with worthless paper. 3. Penny stocks tend to move in areas that are doing well. This is where the game of penny stocks gets pretty easy. During the height of the technology boom, a lot of "fly-by-night" companies changed their names to sound like IT companies. Not only did these companies manage to get people interested in the market, but they also sold shares in their IPOs and private placements at prices that were too high. You don't realise you've been taken for a ride until the dust settles. 4. Volumes can be created and taken away quickly. This is something that happens a lot with these cheap stocks. You may buy a stock because it has a lot of trades, but as soon as you do, buy orders are pulled. What is going on? Let's get back to our question about penny stocks and how they are traded. Most of the people who buy and sell at the counter are the same people who do business in circles. When they see that retail buyers are pushing prices up, they will just cancel their buy orders at lower prices. This makes the selling/buying order book look off, which makes people want to sell more. This is bound to happen when only a few traders control most of the volume. 5. Illiquidity is a major risk This again has to do with the last point. What does the term "basis risk" mean? It is the difference between the buy price and the sell price, also called the spread. This is important because it makes your costs go up when you buy and makes your advantage go down when you sell. You'll also notice that these stocks are always in the lower circuit or in the upper circuit. Since the volume and float are completely controlled by the circular traders, it may become very hard to buy and sell the stock. Most of the time, they will continue to be interested in these stocks only after they have sold all of their stock to other investors. 6. A lot of them could be "shell" companies Most of the time, these companies whose stocks are worth only a penny are just "shell" companies. That means that the company is no longer doing business or that all of its assets have been taken away. At the end of the 1990s, there were a lot of software companies that were really just fronts for laundering money through exports. Such businesses have a negative enterprise value, so it doesn't make sense to buy them at any price. Worse, if SEBI starts an investigation into one of these companies, you may have to answer embarrassing questions as well. Last but not least, you don't have to do that with your hard-earned money. Lastly, buying penny stocks is probably not the best use of your hard-earned money. These stocks are high risk and have a low chance of making money. Most of the time, they are just tricks to get people to buy. Instead of buying these penny stocks, you would be better off buying shares in good companies that have been well researched. Remember that the market is full of stories about how your neighbour became a millionaire by investing in penny stocks. But there are also stories of people who put everything they had on penny stocks and lost everything. Penny stocks are not worth taking a chance on. You can do a lot more with your money. Better to be safe than sorry! As experienced share brokers we want to offers the best online trading platforms, and the best trading accounts for our users at all times.

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Types Of Fear In The Stock Market - Part 2

Here are two more phenomenons traders and investors fear about the stock market and a few tips to avoid them. If you are a regular investor or a trader, you know how important the tools are. And as a share trading company, we understand that you need the best share trading platform so we are here to give you just that along with the lowest brokerageoptions. 3. Don't listen to the crowd What is the government like and how is it like the stock market? Everyone has an opinion on them, no matter how much they know or how high up they are. People talk about the stock market as if they know everything about it, even though they don't. In a corporate office, people talk about all kinds of things, and one person's opinion might have been the start of a rumour. Don't blindly agree with these points of view. It is very important that you do market research for your portfolio. "Be fearful when others are greedy and greedy when others are fearful," says a famous quote from an investing genius. 4. Diversify into multiple asset classes We just can't say this enough. This is the most important thing you can do to lessen the risks of the stock market. To diversify means to put your money in different things so that if one doesn't work out, the whole portfolio doesn't lose money. The first rule of investing is to do this. Investing in different things comes with different kinds of risks. Having both high-risk and low-risk products in your portfolio gives it a sense of balance. Because of this, the best portfolios are made up of a mix of equity, debt, and cash. It could even have land or gold in it. But having one thing out of all of them is a big problem. 5. Figure out the risk Risk appetite is how willing you are to take risks. It depends on the person and what stage of life they are in. If you're a student or young person, you don't have to worry about feeding anyone or taking care of a home, so you can take risks. But as people age, their responsibilities grow. One needs to plan for getting married, sending their kids to school, and finally, retiring. Over time, people become less willing to take risks, which makes them afraid of the stock market. So, before you invest your money, you should carefully look at the product you want to buy, its risk model, and whether or not it fits your risk tolerance. The stock market has its own risks, but if you are careful, you can make good money from it. Conclusion Investing in the stock market is definitely scary and full of big risks. But if you stay calm, learn to make decisions that make sense, and use these strategies, you can have a smooth sail. Successful investors have made a lot of money by making the right choices at the right times. How would you know you're not one of them if you're always afraid of the stock market? So, don't wait until tomorrow; start now and see what happens. As a share trading company, we understand that you need the best share trading platform so we are here to give you just that along with the lowest brokerage options.

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Types Of Fear In The Stock Market - Part 1

The fear of the stock market is real, and why wouldn't it be? How can someone trust the market cycle and go with it when there are so many unknowns and the market will always be volatile? Especially when our hard-earned money is at stake! Before we get into understanding the various types of fears in the stock market, it is important to understand that the technology you use is as important as the strategy. And as a share broking company, we offer the best trading accounts with the lowest brokerage for intraday trading. At the end, who wants to lose? People have lost tens of thousands of rupees in the past when the stock market went down. Because of this, when the stock market crashes, people tend to pull their money out of fear, which leads to even more losses. It's a never-ending loop. So, what should we do? To stop further capital loss and deal with stock market fear, you need patience and tried-and-true strategies. How to Deal with Stock Market Anxiety Let's look at some of the best and easiest ways to deal with this fear of the stock market: 1. Don't try to catch the bottom of the market. Value investing is the most basic way to put money into the stock market. The one backed by Warren Buffet is a strategy in which you just buy stocks when their value goes down and sell them when it goes up. This sounds like a good way to deal with fear about the stock market. But when they do this, some people invest a large amount of money all at once. This should be avoided at all costs. There are many different ways to trade and invest in stocks, so you must be very careful. You need to put some money at one low and some at the other until you reach the lowest point and the recovery begins. 2. Have patience. When markets start to go down, people tend to panic and get rid of their stock market investments out of fear. When you invest in stocks for the long term, you do so with a specific time frame and goal in mind. If you take these away when things are bad, you lose in both ways. First, the capital value goes down, and second, the goal of the investment is no longer met. For example, you could buy a house in 5 years if you saved Rs. 5,000 per month in a SIP. Some of the money in your portfolio lost value, so you took it all out of fear. Where does it leave you? With a loss of capital and unfinished goals, and if the fund starts going up again (which it usually does in the first year after a drop), you would feel like you missed the bus. So, unless it's an emergency, you can try not to sell your equity investments unless you have to. Giving your investments time to grow is a hard thing to do. The stock market is NOT a quick way to make money. For wealth to start and grow, you have to keep at it. As we mentioned, it is important to understand that the technology you use is as important as the strategy. And as a share broking company, we offer the best trading accounts with the lowest brokerage for intraday trading.

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What Is All The Hype About A Trading Edge?

What Is All The Hype About A Trading Edge? In theory, a trading edge is a strategy, observation, or special technique that gives a trader an edge over other traders in the market and helps them make more money. There are a lot of books and papers on different trading techniques, but since many people learn and use the same information, the chances that it will give a trader an edge quickly go down to almost nothing. Finding an edge and understanding what that really means can help you decide if it's worth your time to look for one or if it's even possible or useful. The Common Thought Most people think that an edge is something that a trader knows or uses that gives them an advantage over the market or all the other traders. For example, a trader might think that using a certain indicator (like the Relative Strength Index, or RSI), in a certain way (like making short trades when the RSI is above 84), gives them an advantage over traders who don't use the same indicator in the same way. Many new traders spend years trying out different indicators or different settings for indicators (like a length of 10, then a length of 15, etc.). They also try out different chart settings, like time-based charts, tick-based charts, or volume-based charts, to find the combination that gives them an edge. Getting Your Way Some traders have never heard of the term "edge." When they do, they might start to wonder if they have an edge or if they need to find one. A few rules can help traders find trading edges, if there are any: The edge must be based in reality and can't be based on assumptions. A trader needs to know that an edge might not work all the time. It is possible to make a lot of money with an edge, but then the edge might stop working for a while. If you think you have an edge, you should test it by clearly defining the rules and then applying them to historical market data and "paper trading." A wake-up call In reality, there are traders who think they have an advantage and traders who think they need an advantage. Some traders laugh every time someone talks about an edge while they make another trade that makes them money. In other words, you might find and use an advantage or you might not. Many traders think that good training and instruction give them an edge. In fact, this could be the edge that people looking for an edge are looking for. To trade well, you don't have to compete with the market or other traders. In fact, the opposite is true. Good risk management and a healthy dose of patience are more likely to lead to success in trading. Retail traders often do better when they focus on controlling their own decision-making processes instead of making decisions based on things they can't change. This is not what many new traders will say. If you are one of them, think about this: Traders who think they have an edge will never tell other traders what trade they are about to make. These traders think that if they talk about it, they might lose their edge. Professional traders, on the other hand, won't think twice about telling other traders what trade they are about to make. This is because it doesn't change the potential of the trade if other traders know about it or make the same trade. Prices can change over time based on supply, demand, and investor sentiment as a whole, but just because one investor thinks they have an edge won't change anything. If you are a new trader who is just starting to look for your edge or if you are an experienced trader who has been looking for your edge for years, you should stop. Markets change so quickly that an edge you find today is likely to be useless tomorrow. In the short term, looking for a trading edge might help you make quick money, but it's more likely to waste your time and cause you to miss out on opportunities and money.

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5 Skills That Every Trader Should Have

There are many ways to become a professional trader, and a person needs a lot of skills to do well in a field with a lot of stress and competition. When financial firms hire people for trading jobs, they usually look for people with degrees in math, engineering, and hard sciences instead of just people with backgrounds in finance. There are also different kinds of trading jobs, some of which require communication skills with customers as well as knowledge of charts. So, let's take a look at some of the skills that all traders need. Skill at analysing Every trader needs to be able to look at data quickly and figure out what it means. Trading involves a lot of math, but charts with indicators and patterns from technical analysis show what the data means. So, traders need to improve their analytical skills so they can see trends in the charts. Research Traders need to have a healthy thirst for information and a desire to find all the important data that affects the securities they trade. Many traders make schedules of economic reports and news that affects the financial markets in a way that can be measured. By keeping up with these sources of information, traders can act on new information while the market is still processing it. Focus Focus is a skill, and the more traders use it, the better they get at it. Because there is so much financial information out there, traders need to be able to focus on the important, actionable information that will affect their trades. Sector-based traders also focus on one particular industry. This helps them learn more about a certain sector, industry, or currency, which gives them an edge over traders who don't specialise as much. Control Control and, more specifically, self-control go hand in hand with being able to focus. A trader needs to be able to keep their feelings in check and stick to a plan and strategy for trading. This is especially important when using stop losses or profits at set points to manage risk. Many trading strategies are made so that the trader loses less when things go wrong and makes more money when things go right. Strategy goes out the window when traders start to get emotional about their trades, whether they are good or bad. Keeping a record Keeping good records is one of the most important parts of trading. If a trader keeps careful records of how his or her trades turn out, all that's left to do to get better is to try out different strategies and change them until one works. If you don't keep good records, it's hard to show real progress.

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How To Keep Your Emotions In Check While Trading

How To Keep Your Emotions In Check While Trading On their way to becoming market masters, stock traders go through different stages. One of the hardest things to learn is how to trade without letting your emotions get in the way. You can be good at picking stocks and managing risk and still fail as a trader if you can't keep your emotions in check. When you know how to control your emotions, you can be patient with your winners and not at all with your losers. Even though it seems easy to say that you should stick to your trading plan, it is actually much harder to do so. Most of us have strong feelings about money, which makes it hard to stick to our rules. To do this, you have to take the money out of the picture. Financial risk can't be a factor in making decisions. It might be hard to incorporate this ideology while trading but you can remove the emotions from trading only if you are able to get this right. Here are some ways to trade without letting your emotions get in the way: 1. Don't put yourself in more risk than you can handle. Most traders keep their losers too long and sell their winners too soon because they take on too much risk. Taking on too much risk ties down your risk management, making it harder for you to make trades with a positive expected value. This is something you can change by taking less risk. Then, many traders find that the upside isn't enough to make them want to trade at all. If a trader doesn't have a way to make good profits with the money they have, they may start to take on more risk to try to get better results. But you can make your trades more likely to go up without taking on more risk if you scale into your positions. As the trade goes in your favour, add to your winners. You don't need to put yourself in danger by doing this. You can lower the risk of your other positions by using the money you made from your first positions. Add to the list of winners. Don't throw money at your losers. 2. Change how you think about money We often tell people that it's best not to look at the summary of their trades' profits and losses. When you do this, you get too caught up in the current gain or loss on your positions, which makes your fear or greed about the trade worse. Instead of making decisions based on the chart, think about the money. People can't be expected to trade without checking to see if they are making or losing money. So, if you have to look at your trades, instead of focusing on how much money you are making or losing right now, think about how much money you will make or lose if your trade hits the stop loss levels. If you buy 1,000 shares of a stock for Rs 100 and the stop is at Rs 90, you could lose Rs 10,000. That's how much you could lose when you leave. Let's say that this stock goes up to Rs 120 and you move your stop to Rs 110. Even though your position is up Rs 20,000 right now, if you get out on the stop, you will only make Rs 10,000. You need to pay attention to the number that matches your exit point. Don't think too much about where you are now. If you congratulate yourself on making Rs 20,000 on a trade, you start to feel something about that number. If so, you are less likely to sell the stock if it goes back down to Rs 110, where you would only make Rs 10,000. You thought you would make Rs 20,000 and hoped it would be more. It hurts to leave at a lower price, so many people stay and wait for things to turn around. Count on what you already have, not what you want. 3. Make a plan on paper and trade it Some people can lose their minds because of how they feel about a trade. When you make a trade, your feelings can make you break your trading rules. Having a plan written down will help you stay on track when you get lost. The plan doesn't need to be long or hard to understand. A trading plan shouldn't be longer than one page, in our opinion. It should include your rules for entry, risk management, scaling, and leaving the business. There should also be a review process so that you can work to make your rules and how they are carried out better. When you write down an idea, it gives it more value. Before you make another trade, take the time to write out a plan.

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All The Sectors Of The Indian Stock Market

In a stock market, what are "sectors"? The Indian share market is extremely vast with several thousand companies listen on the exchanges. India's National Stock Exchange, for example, has more than 1900 companies on its list (NSE). And they are divided into 11 sectors. The firms work in many different fields. Sectors are a way to group companies on the stock market by the type of business they are in. Read on to find out more about the different stock market sectors, with a focus on the Indian equity space. Sector-wise separation Before putting money into a stock, investors have to do a hard job. It is to carefully analyse the stocks and understand how the stock as well as its sector is performing. When you know which books are on which shelves in a library, it's easier to walk over and pick the book that fits your interests the best. In the same way, when stocks are put into groups called "sectors," they are easier for investors to find. In the same way, sectors help investors figure out where they don't want to put their money. For example, when there is a pandemic and air travel is limited, investors might not want to put their money in the tourism or aviation industries. What are the stock market's different sectors? Some of the most important parts of the Indian stock market are: Agriculture & Commodities Aviation Automobiles Financial services and banks Electricals & Electronics FMCG Gas & Petroleum Infrastructure for Information Technology Pharmaceuticals Real Estate Telecommunications Textiles Tourism What are some of the most important sectors of the Indian stock market? Some companies are very well-known, while others are not. The good thing about sectors is that they help investors find hidden gems. Here are four of the most important stock market sectors that you need to know about: Automobile Sector There are more than just carmakers in this sector. It is also where commercial vehicles, two-wheelers, three-wheelers, and tractors are made. Since India is an agricultural country, people who invest in tractors and other commercial vehicles tend to be serious about them. Examples of leading automobile companies are Maruti Suzuki, Ashok Leyland, Bajaj Auto and Escorts. Banks and Financial Services The Banking sector is well known because it makes money from money. The banks' top line is made up of the cash flows of every other company on the market as a whole. This is because almost every other business borrows money from a bank to manage its capital structure. This is why profits from financial companies are different from profits from other types of companies. So, if you take a sectoral approach to investing, you can take this difference into account. Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), Asset Management Companies (AMCs), Ratings and Research Institutions and Insurance Players, as well as public and private banks, are all part of this huge sector. NBFCs work with people who don't have bank accounts. Mutual Funds are taken care of by AMCs. Rating agencies work on credit ratings and make money in other ways, like by selling research. Insurance companies pool small amounts of money from many people to cover the losses of a few. Examples: ICICI Bank, Bajaj Finserv, Nippon Life, AMC CRISIL This sector is worth keeping an eye on because it is about to get one of the biggest players in the insurance and fintech industries. Fast moving consumer goods In the FMCG sector, companies make things that we buy and use every day. These things are used up quickly. FMCG products guarantee a steady stream of income, which leads to steady profits and a strong return on investment. Examples: Hindustan Unilever, Britannia Manufacturing, Colgate Palmolive, Procter & Gamble The FMCG industry can handle a recession. So even when the economy as a whole was bad, the grocery stores near you would still be busy selling FMCG products. Pharmaceuticals Sector Some of the products that come from the pharma industry are biologicals, active pharmaceutical ingredients, excipients, vaccines, and cures for both common and rare diseases. Investors are learning more about the business because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The industry is heavily regulated because the products affect the health and safety of people all over the world. Examples: Biocon, Sun Pharmaceuticals. Pharmaceutical companies like Pfizer and AstraZeneca have a special advantage: they have unmatched pricing power. It goes without saying that there are rules in place to stop irresponsible behaviour. In short, sectors are groups of stocks that have similar business models. This lets investors focus on a certain industry and find a certain stock. The amount of information that investors have to deal with takes up a lot of their time. When investors use a sectoral approach to investing, they make sure to spend their time on the right group before focusing on the right stock. In addition to helping people learn more, sectors help find hidden gems in the field that might not have been known before.