Zebu Blogs

image

Types Of Fear In The Stock Market - Part 1

The fear of the stock market is real, and why wouldn't it be? How can someone trust the market cycle and go with it when there are so many unknowns and the market will always be volatile? Especially when our hard-earned money is at stake! Before we get into understanding the various types of fears in the stock market, it is important to understand that the technology you use is as important as the strategy. And as a share broking company, we offer the best trading accounts with the lowest brokerage for intraday trading. At the end, who wants to lose? People have lost tens of thousands of rupees in the past when the stock market went down. Because of this, when the stock market crashes, people tend to pull their money out of fear, which leads to even more losses. It's a never-ending loop. So, what should we do? To stop further capital loss and deal with stock market fear, you need patience and tried-and-true strategies. How to Deal with Stock Market Anxiety Let's look at some of the best and easiest ways to deal with this fear of the stock market: 1. Don't try to catch the bottom of the market. Value investing is the most basic way to put money into the stock market. The one backed by Warren Buffet is a strategy in which you just buy stocks when their value goes down and sell them when it goes up. This sounds like a good way to deal with fear about the stock market. But when they do this, some people invest a large amount of money all at once. This should be avoided at all costs. There are many different ways to trade and invest in stocks, so you must be very careful. You need to put some money at one low and some at the other until you reach the lowest point and the recovery begins. 2. Have patience. When markets start to go down, people tend to panic and get rid of their stock market investments out of fear. When you invest in stocks for the long term, you do so with a specific time frame and goal in mind. If you take these away when things are bad, you lose in both ways. First, the capital value goes down, and second, the goal of the investment is no longer met. For example, you could buy a house in 5 years if you saved Rs. 5,000 per month in a SIP. Some of the money in your portfolio lost value, so you took it all out of fear. Where does it leave you? With a loss of capital and unfinished goals, and if the fund starts going up again (which it usually does in the first year after a drop), you would feel like you missed the bus. So, unless it's an emergency, you can try not to sell your equity investments unless you have to. Giving your investments time to grow is a hard thing to do. The stock market is NOT a quick way to make money. For wealth to start and grow, you have to keep at it. As we mentioned, it is important to understand that the technology you use is as important as the strategy. And as a share broking company, we offer the best trading accounts with the lowest brokerage for intraday trading.

image

What Is All The Hype About A Trading Edge?

What Is All The Hype About A Trading Edge? In theory, a trading edge is a strategy, observation, or special technique that gives a trader an edge over other traders in the market and helps them make more money. There are a lot of books and papers on different trading techniques, but since many people learn and use the same information, the chances that it will give a trader an edge quickly go down to almost nothing. Finding an edge and understanding what that really means can help you decide if it's worth your time to look for one or if it's even possible or useful. The Common Thought Most people think that an edge is something that a trader knows or uses that gives them an advantage over the market or all the other traders. For example, a trader might think that using a certain indicator (like the Relative Strength Index, or RSI), in a certain way (like making short trades when the RSI is above 84), gives them an advantage over traders who don't use the same indicator in the same way. Many new traders spend years trying out different indicators or different settings for indicators (like a length of 10, then a length of 15, etc.). They also try out different chart settings, like time-based charts, tick-based charts, or volume-based charts, to find the combination that gives them an edge. Getting Your Way Some traders have never heard of the term "edge." When they do, they might start to wonder if they have an edge or if they need to find one. A few rules can help traders find trading edges, if there are any: The edge must be based in reality and can't be based on assumptions. A trader needs to know that an edge might not work all the time. It is possible to make a lot of money with an edge, but then the edge might stop working for a while. If you think you have an edge, you should test it by clearly defining the rules and then applying them to historical market data and "paper trading." A wake-up call In reality, there are traders who think they have an advantage and traders who think they need an advantage. Some traders laugh every time someone talks about an edge while they make another trade that makes them money. In other words, you might find and use an advantage or you might not. Many traders think that good training and instruction give them an edge. In fact, this could be the edge that people looking for an edge are looking for. To trade well, you don't have to compete with the market or other traders. In fact, the opposite is true. Good risk management and a healthy dose of patience are more likely to lead to success in trading. Retail traders often do better when they focus on controlling their own decision-making processes instead of making decisions based on things they can't change. This is not what many new traders will say. If you are one of them, think about this: Traders who think they have an edge will never tell other traders what trade they are about to make. These traders think that if they talk about it, they might lose their edge. Professional traders, on the other hand, won't think twice about telling other traders what trade they are about to make. This is because it doesn't change the potential of the trade if other traders know about it or make the same trade. Prices can change over time based on supply, demand, and investor sentiment as a whole, but just because one investor thinks they have an edge won't change anything. If you are a new trader who is just starting to look for your edge or if you are an experienced trader who has been looking for your edge for years, you should stop. Markets change so quickly that an edge you find today is likely to be useless tomorrow. In the short term, looking for a trading edge might help you make quick money, but it's more likely to waste your time and cause you to miss out on opportunities and money.

image

5 Skills That Every Trader Should Have

There are many ways to become a professional trader, and a person needs a lot of skills to do well in a field with a lot of stress and competition. When financial firms hire people for trading jobs, they usually look for people with degrees in math, engineering, and hard sciences instead of just people with backgrounds in finance. There are also different kinds of trading jobs, some of which require communication skills with customers as well as knowledge of charts. So, let's take a look at some of the skills that all traders need. Skill at analysing Every trader needs to be able to look at data quickly and figure out what it means. Trading involves a lot of math, but charts with indicators and patterns from technical analysis show what the data means. So, traders need to improve their analytical skills so they can see trends in the charts. Research Traders need to have a healthy thirst for information and a desire to find all the important data that affects the securities they trade. Many traders make schedules of economic reports and news that affects the financial markets in a way that can be measured. By keeping up with these sources of information, traders can act on new information while the market is still processing it. Focus Focus is a skill, and the more traders use it, the better they get at it. Because there is so much financial information out there, traders need to be able to focus on the important, actionable information that will affect their trades. Sector-based traders also focus on one particular industry. This helps them learn more about a certain sector, industry, or currency, which gives them an edge over traders who don't specialise as much. Control Control and, more specifically, self-control go hand in hand with being able to focus. A trader needs to be able to keep their feelings in check and stick to a plan and strategy for trading. This is especially important when using stop losses or profits at set points to manage risk. Many trading strategies are made so that the trader loses less when things go wrong and makes more money when things go right. Strategy goes out the window when traders start to get emotional about their trades, whether they are good or bad. Keeping a record Keeping good records is one of the most important parts of trading. If a trader keeps careful records of how his or her trades turn out, all that's left to do to get better is to try out different strategies and change them until one works. If you don't keep good records, it's hard to show real progress.

image

How To Keep Your Emotions In Check While Trading

How To Keep Your Emotions In Check While Trading On their way to becoming market masters, stock traders go through different stages. One of the hardest things to learn is how to trade without letting your emotions get in the way. You can be good at picking stocks and managing risk and still fail as a trader if you can't keep your emotions in check. When you know how to control your emotions, you can be patient with your winners and not at all with your losers. Even though it seems easy to say that you should stick to your trading plan, it is actually much harder to do so. Most of us have strong feelings about money, which makes it hard to stick to our rules. To do this, you have to take the money out of the picture. Financial risk can't be a factor in making decisions. It might be hard to incorporate this ideology while trading but you can remove the emotions from trading only if you are able to get this right. Here are some ways to trade without letting your emotions get in the way: 1. Don't put yourself in more risk than you can handle. Most traders keep their losers too long and sell their winners too soon because they take on too much risk. Taking on too much risk ties down your risk management, making it harder for you to make trades with a positive expected value. This is something you can change by taking less risk. Then, many traders find that the upside isn't enough to make them want to trade at all. If a trader doesn't have a way to make good profits with the money they have, they may start to take on more risk to try to get better results. But you can make your trades more likely to go up without taking on more risk if you scale into your positions. As the trade goes in your favour, add to your winners. You don't need to put yourself in danger by doing this. You can lower the risk of your other positions by using the money you made from your first positions. Add to the list of winners. Don't throw money at your losers. 2. Change how you think about money We often tell people that it's best not to look at the summary of their trades' profits and losses. When you do this, you get too caught up in the current gain or loss on your positions, which makes your fear or greed about the trade worse. Instead of making decisions based on the chart, think about the money. People can't be expected to trade without checking to see if they are making or losing money. So, if you have to look at your trades, instead of focusing on how much money you are making or losing right now, think about how much money you will make or lose if your trade hits the stop loss levels. If you buy 1,000 shares of a stock for Rs 100 and the stop is at Rs 90, you could lose Rs 10,000. That's how much you could lose when you leave. Let's say that this stock goes up to Rs 120 and you move your stop to Rs 110. Even though your position is up Rs 20,000 right now, if you get out on the stop, you will only make Rs 10,000. You need to pay attention to the number that matches your exit point. Don't think too much about where you are now. If you congratulate yourself on making Rs 20,000 on a trade, you start to feel something about that number. If so, you are less likely to sell the stock if it goes back down to Rs 110, where you would only make Rs 10,000. You thought you would make Rs 20,000 and hoped it would be more. It hurts to leave at a lower price, so many people stay and wait for things to turn around. Count on what you already have, not what you want. 3. Make a plan on paper and trade it Some people can lose their minds because of how they feel about a trade. When you make a trade, your feelings can make you break your trading rules. Having a plan written down will help you stay on track when you get lost. The plan doesn't need to be long or hard to understand. A trading plan shouldn't be longer than one page, in our opinion. It should include your rules for entry, risk management, scaling, and leaving the business. There should also be a review process so that you can work to make your rules and how they are carried out better. When you write down an idea, it gives it more value. Before you make another trade, take the time to write out a plan.

image

All The Sectors Of The Indian Stock Market

In a stock market, what are "sectors"? The Indian share market is extremely vast with several thousand companies listen on the exchanges. India's National Stock Exchange, for example, has more than 1900 companies on its list (NSE). And they are divided into 11 sectors. The firms work in many different fields. Sectors are a way to group companies on the stock market by the type of business they are in. Read on to find out more about the different stock market sectors, with a focus on the Indian equity space. Sector-wise separation Before putting money into a stock, investors have to do a hard job. It is to carefully analyse the stocks and understand how the stock as well as its sector is performing. When you know which books are on which shelves in a library, it's easier to walk over and pick the book that fits your interests the best. In the same way, when stocks are put into groups called "sectors," they are easier for investors to find. In the same way, sectors help investors figure out where they don't want to put their money. For example, when there is a pandemic and air travel is limited, investors might not want to put their money in the tourism or aviation industries. What are the stock market's different sectors? Some of the most important parts of the Indian stock market are: Agriculture & Commodities Aviation Automobiles Financial services and banks Electricals & Electronics FMCG Gas & Petroleum Infrastructure for Information Technology Pharmaceuticals Real Estate Telecommunications Textiles Tourism What are some of the most important sectors of the Indian stock market? Some companies are very well-known, while others are not. The good thing about sectors is that they help investors find hidden gems. Here are four of the most important stock market sectors that you need to know about: Automobile Sector There are more than just carmakers in this sector. It is also where commercial vehicles, two-wheelers, three-wheelers, and tractors are made. Since India is an agricultural country, people who invest in tractors and other commercial vehicles tend to be serious about them. Examples of leading automobile companies are Maruti Suzuki, Ashok Leyland, Bajaj Auto and Escorts. Banks and Financial Services The Banking sector is well known because it makes money from money. The banks' top line is made up of the cash flows of every other company on the market as a whole. This is because almost every other business borrows money from a bank to manage its capital structure. This is why profits from financial companies are different from profits from other types of companies. So, if you take a sectoral approach to investing, you can take this difference into account. Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), Asset Management Companies (AMCs), Ratings and Research Institutions and Insurance Players, as well as public and private banks, are all part of this huge sector. NBFCs work with people who don't have bank accounts. Mutual Funds are taken care of by AMCs. Rating agencies work on credit ratings and make money in other ways, like by selling research. Insurance companies pool small amounts of money from many people to cover the losses of a few. Examples: ICICI Bank, Bajaj Finserv, Nippon Life, AMC CRISIL This sector is worth keeping an eye on because it is about to get one of the biggest players in the insurance and fintech industries. Fast moving consumer goods In the FMCG sector, companies make things that we buy and use every day. These things are used up quickly. FMCG products guarantee a steady stream of income, which leads to steady profits and a strong return on investment. Examples: Hindustan Unilever, Britannia Manufacturing, Colgate Palmolive, Procter & Gamble The FMCG industry can handle a recession. So even when the economy as a whole was bad, the grocery stores near you would still be busy selling FMCG products. Pharmaceuticals Sector Some of the products that come from the pharma industry are biologicals, active pharmaceutical ingredients, excipients, vaccines, and cures for both common and rare diseases. Investors are learning more about the business because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The industry is heavily regulated because the products affect the health and safety of people all over the world. Examples: Biocon, Sun Pharmaceuticals. Pharmaceutical companies like Pfizer and AstraZeneca have a special advantage: they have unmatched pricing power. It goes without saying that there are rules in place to stop irresponsible behaviour. In short, sectors are groups of stocks that have similar business models. This lets investors focus on a certain industry and find a certain stock. The amount of information that investors have to deal with takes up a lot of their time. When investors use a sectoral approach to investing, they make sure to spend their time on the right group before focusing on the right stock. In addition to helping people learn more, sectors help find hidden gems in the field that might not have been known before.

image

The Best Way To Save Gold - SGB Vs Gold ETF

Gold is a popular investment choice because it protects against inflation. But when there is more than one way to invest, an investor may not know which one to choose because they all track the price of gold. Tax and investment experts say that the Sovereign Gold Bond and the Gold ETF (Exchange Traded Fund) are best for two different types of investors. Gold ETF is better for investors who want to invest for the short term while keeping liquidity in mind because it lets investors sell their money whenever they want. But for medium- and long-term investors, the Sovereign Gold Bond is better because it guarantees a 2.5 percent return and the maturity amount isn't taxed. Both are investments that protect against risk, but investors with little time to invest should choose gold ETF. For investors who want to be able to sell their investments quickly, Gold ETF is a better choice than Sovereign Gold Bonds, which have an 8-year lock-in period if the investor wants the maturity amount to be tax-free. If you want to invest in gold over a long period of time, the Sovereign Gold Bond is better because it lets you buy gold in small amounts over time. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) makes these small amounts of gold available from time to time. But it can't be traded for 8 years, or 5 years from the date the bond was bought and 3 years after that. An investor can withdraw their money after 5 years, but if they do, they will lose the exemption for long-term capital gains (LTCG) that the scheme offers. So, under the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme, an investor must keep their money invested for 8 years before they can get a tax break. In addition to not having to pay taxes, the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme gives investors a guaranteed return of 2.5%, which the Gold ETF scheme does not. After 8 years, the maturity amount would be sent to the person's bank account automatically. Iin the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme, the investor doesn't get to choose when the bond matures. Instead, the maturity amount is based on the average price of gold at the end of the last three business days before the redemption date. Gold ETF also charges fees for fund management and brokerage when an investment is made or sold, which Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme doesn't do.

image

Reasons Why You Should Invest Early

When we are in our early or middle 20s and get our first job, the pay is not very high. From there, we have to figure out how to pay for things like rent, food, transportation, etc. every month. At this point in our lives, saving money and making investments are the last things we think about. But there are many reasons to start investing early. And we'll talk about all of that in this blog. Here are 5 reasons why you should start investing as soon as you can. Number 1: When you start young, you can start small We all have things we want to do, like buy our favourite car or get married in an exotic place. For example, let's say you want to get married in 5.25 years and you need to save Rs 15 lakh for this. You decide to put your money into equity mutual funds. Even though mutual funds don't offer guaranteed returns, their long-term returns are around 12%. Now, you would have to put away Rs 11,250 every month to save Rs 15 lakh in 5.25 years. Alternatively, if you start saving for the goal 2 years later, you would have to save Rs 18,750 per month to reach the goal on time. You would also have to save more. In the same way, if you start early on any goal, whether it's to buy a house or save for retirement, your monthly investments and total investments will be much less than if you wait. Number 2: It brings discipline to your life If you start saving and investing early on, it will improve your spending habits on its own. We'll tell you how. If you want to save a fixed amount of money from your fixed salary, you will have to limit your spending by making a monthly budget. And making a budget is the best way to change how you spend money because it helps you keep track of how much you spend each month on things like food, utilities, rent, entertainment, etc. And after doing this simple task for a long time, it becomes a habit. Now, to get into the habit of saving put away the amount you want to save each month. Then, use the money you have left to make a monthly budget. If you make Rs 25,000 a month and want to save Rs 5,000, for example. Then, as soon as you get paid, put away the Rs 5,000 first. Use the rest of the money to keep up with your expenses. Number 3: Compounding makes you wealthy The longer you keep your money invested, the more the benefits of compounding will help you. Let's look at two examples of this to see what we mean. Let's say you want to save Rs 8 crore for your retirement. In the first scenario, you start investing in a mutual fund when you are 25 years old. And to do this, you would need to save Rs 12,000 every month until you were 60. And over the next 35 years, you would put away a total of Rs 50.4 lakh. In the second scenario, you put the goal off for 15 years and start saving for retirement when you are 40. The goal amount, which is Rs 8 crore, hasn't changed. Now, because of this delay, the amount you invest each month will be Rs 80,000, and the total amount you invest will be Rs 1.92 crores. So, if you put off investing for 15 years, the amount you put away each month goes up by more than 6 times, and the total amount you put away goes up by 4 times. Over time, this is how compounding works. Number 4: If you stay invested for longer, you can build up a bigger nest egg If you keep your money invested for a long time, you can get the benefit of compounding for a longer time. This means that the amount you have saved over the years will be much higher. To explain this, we can look at the point we talked about before. When we talked about the benefits of compounding, we said that even if you only invest Rs 12,000 per month, you can build up Rs 8 crore if you start investing at age 25 and keep it up until age 35. But if you start investing 15 years later and your savings decrease but deployed capital increases. So, it's best to start early and keep investing for a long time if you want to build up a big nest egg without feeling the pinch in your pocket or lowering your standard of living. Number 5: You are more willing to take risks. When you are young, you have more opportunities to take risks than when you are older. At this age, you don't have as many financial responsibilities, so you don't have to think too hard before putting your money into something risky. Even if you make mistakes with your investments, you'll have plenty of time to fix them and get back on your feet. For instance, a good rule of thumb for investing in stocks is (100 - your age). That is, if you are 30 years old, you can put 70% of your money in stocks and the rest in bonds. The rule of thumb says that if you are 22 years old, you can put up to 80% of your money in stocks. But if you start investing when you're 45, you might not want to take that much of a risk. As a rule of thumb, you should only put 55 per cent of your money in stocks. Even though stocks are riskier than fixed-income investments, they may give you higher returns over time, allowing you to build a bigger nest egg with a smaller investment. Bottom Line So, if you haven't started investing yet, you should do so today. Start small, keep things simple, and continue to learn as you go. Remember that getting rich is a long-term process that can't be rushed. And as a young worker, the best thing you have going for you is time.

image

Buying Vs Selling Options

Are there any tips and tricks for trading options that can help you decide when to buy and sell options. What should you do when trading call options? Here's a guide for people who are just starting out with option trading. It tells you what factors can help you decide when to buy and when to sell an option. Price How do you decide if an option is priced too low or too high? Like with stocks, you will have to figure out what the option is really worth. Clearly, you can't figure out the value of an option the same way you figure out the value of a stock. But there is a different model called the Black & Scholes model that has a complicated formula to help you figure out the intrinsic value of any option. If the price of an option is more than what it's really worth, it's overpriced and should be sold. If the price is less than what it's really worth, it's underpriced and you should buy it. Volatility This is an important thing to think about when deciding whether to buy options or sell them. Volatility is good for both call and put options because it makes the option more valuable if the price goes up, but it limits your risk if the price goes down. Even if the stock price stays the same, if volatility goes up, the value of the option can go up. When volatility is likely to go up, it is always best to buy options. When volatility is likely to go down, it is best to sell options. Events Can you imagine what would have happened if you had sold put options before the Lehman Brothers crisis or the Greek crisis? Before big events or important geopolitical risks, it's always better to buy options instead of selling them. When you buy options, your loss is restricted to the premium you pay. If you sell options before something bad happens, you could lose all your money. Trend How you feel about the stock or index is a very important part of whether you should buy or sell an option. It would be ideal if you can determine if the stock will either go up decisively or go down decisively. In that case, you can buy either a call option or a put option, depending on what you want to do. Time decay This is a very important thing to think about when deciding whether to buy or sell an option. Remember that every option contract has a set date when it ends. Time hurts the person who buys the option and helps the person who sells the option. Most of the time, time decay is pretty stable in the first few days of the month. But as the expiration date gets closer, the time decay starts to happen more quickly. That means the value of the option starts to drop quickly. So, it's not a good idea to buy options close to their expiration date unless you really want to take a risk and bet on volatility. A big choice is whether to buy the option or sell it. The more you think about a choice, the better your chances of making the right one.

image

Here are some reasons why you should buy dividend growth stocks

Some stocks pay you just to hold them. Stocks that pay dividends can be a good way to make money without doing anything. They can also protect you from inflation. "Buy low, sell high" is a phrase that is often used to describe a good way to trade stocks. But investors can also make money on the market by getting dividends. Dividends, in short, are a way for companies to share some of their profits with their investors. Shareholders benefit because each share of stock they own gives them the right to a set dividend payment. Companies give out dividends on a regular basis, usually monthly, quarterly, or annually. Dividends can be paid out in cash or in the form of more company stock. Because of this, you can almost think of stocks that pay dividends as a way to make money while you sleep. Growing dividends from good companies can make a big difference in a portfolio and reinvested dividends are a much bigger source of growth than market returns alone. Dividend-paying stocks have been getting a lot of attention lately because they do more than just give you a steady stream of income. They also protect your money from inflation, which makes them perfect for the current market. How stocks that pay dividends protect against inflation In an inflationary environment, it's good for big companies that have a long history of paying consistent dividends every year because they can handle higher prices and even benefit from them. As inflation causes prices of goods and services to rise, a company's revenue, earnings, and dividends will also rise. Looking for a portfolio of stocks with strong cash flows that yield an average of 3% to 4% or more and consistently grow dividends by 5% to 10% each year. These are the kinds of businesses that investors should go after. Many companies with high-dividend stocks have used business models for a long time that work well when prices go up, which helps them make money in the long run. People still have to heat (or cool) their homes, drive to work, and eat, even when prices are going up quickly. Generally, companies in the energy, natural resources, and food and consumer staples sectors have strong pricing power and cost management, which lets them raise prices, keep demand up, and make more money. What investors need to remember Beginner investors should definitely buy stocks with dividend growth, but they should be careful when making investment decisions. Portfolio rebalancing, which is reacting to events as they happen in real-time, can be pricey when inflation is going up. Inflation pressures have been growing for a while, and the prices of many high-dividend stocks already reflect this. In general, the best idea is to think long-term, try to build a diversified portfolio of holdings, and resist the urge to try to time the market and shop around.

image

What exactly is the intrinsic value of a stock?

Have you ever thought about why one stock might sell for Rs 200 and another for Rs 20? How do these prices get set? In this article, we'll talk about what intrinsic value is. What Does Internal Value Mean? The true value of a stock is called its "intrinsic value." This is calculated based on anticipated monetary benefits. Let's put it this way: it is the most you can pay for the asset without losing money when you sell it later. Technical analysis helps you figure out how the price of a stock will move and what price levels it may reach. But the price is still very closely tied to what the stock is really worth. So, technical analysis only helps figure out where and how much a stock's price will move. Prices have to start from somewhere before they can move in a certain direction. Say that the price of stock right now is Rs 300. Based on your technical analysis, it looks like it might go up to Rs 330. But how did the price of Rs 300 get there? There is a way to figure it out. Let's use the example of buying a house. The main reason for building this apartment is to rent it out. Let's say you want to keep it for 10 years. You shouldn't pay more than you can make from it. In other words, the total amount of rent you could get in 10 years plus the price you could get if you sold it after 10 years. The value found in this way would be the flat's true value. This value is adjusted for things like inflation and different kinds of risks to make sure it is correct. This will come up again in the section. The discounted cash flow model or the present value model is a way to figure out the true value of something. It can also be used to figure out what a stock is really worth. So, the bottom line is that a stock's "intrinsic value" is the total amount you could make from it in the future. The question then is: How much money can you expect to make in the future from shares? When you buy stocks, the company gives you a piece of its annual profit. We call this a dividend. If you add up the value of the dividends and the price at which the share will be sold in the future (called the "terminal value"), you can figure out what the share is really worth. However, does Rs 200 in dividends today have the same value as Rs 200 in dividends 10 years from now? The value of Rs 100 in ten years is less than the value of Rs 100 today. In other words, inflation makes money worth less over time. To account for this change in value, you will have to use a method called "discounting" on each future dividend. In this step, you will divide each of the future dividends by a certain rate and then add them all up. Add the values to get the intrinsic value. RELATIVE VALUE METHOD: Now, let's talk about the second way to figure out what a stock is really worth. This is done by comparing the price of the stock with one of the most important things about the company. Some key fundamentals include sales revenue, net income or profit (also called earnings), book value of equity shares, etc. When you buy shares of a company, you own a piece of the company's core assets. For instance, you might get a share of the company's sales or profits. This is because when you buy shares, you become a part-owner of the business. Now, it makes sense that you should always try to buy something at a good price and pay as little as possible. The less these shares cost on the market, the less you have to pay per unit to buy these fundamentals. Let's look at a specific case. The price to earnings (PE) ratio is one of the ratios you can use to compare prices. In this ratio, you compare the price of a company's share to how much it earns per share. If the price per share is Rs 300 and the earnings per share (EPS) is Rs 30, the PE will be Rs 10. This means that you pay Rs 10 for each rupee that the company makes. How do you know whether or not this price is fair? To find this, you must compare it to the PEs of the company's competitors. If, for example, the average PE of your competitors is 15, you are paying less for your shares. This is because you have to pay an average of Rs 15 per unit of earnings for a share of one of the competitors. But you only pay Rs 10 for your company. Because of this, this method is called the relative value method. You can also use this method to figure out how much a company's stock is really worth. By rearranging the formula for PE, you can see that the stock's real value is the sum of PE and EPS. Now, take the average PE of your competitors, which is 15, and multiply it by the EPS of your company, which is 10. This will give you the intrinsic value of your stock. It adds up to Rs. 150. This means that Rs 150 is a fair price for your stock. Since you can buy it in the market for only Rs 120, it is a great deal. You can buy it with the expectation that it will go up to this fair value. The relative value method is important because it uses both the fundamentals of the company and market trends to figure out how much a stock is really worth. This makes it more real, but also more likely to be wrong. If fundamentals change a lot in the future, your estimate of the stock's true value could be wrong.

image

Ideal Timeframe For Intraday Trading

Intraday trading often proves that taking fewer trades gives you better profits. Instead of buying and selling stocks the whole trading day, it might be smart to do intraday trading only during a few key hours. In fact, traders who work with stocks, index futures, and ETFs have found that it's better to spend one to two carefully chosen hours a day on trading. The ideal time-frame for intraday trading Long-term intraday traders will do well to find the best time frame. Using these hours can help you get the most done because they are when important things happen on the market. On the other hand, people who trade all day have little time for other things and don't make enough money. Even intraday traders who have been doing it for a long time can lose money if they trade outside of the best time frame for intraday trading. This raises the question: what is the best time frame for intraday trading? Most say that it is between 9:30 and 10:30 in the morning. Should you buy or sell within the first 15 minutes? Intraday trading is best done in the first one to two hours that the stock market is open. But in India, most stock market trading channels don't open until 9:15 a.m. Why not start at 9:15 instead? If you have been trading for a long time, trading in the first 15 minutes might not be as risky. For people who are just starting out, it's best to wait until 9:30. This is because, in the first few minutes after the market opens, stocks are probably reacting to the news from the night before. A trade will often show sharp price movements in one direction. This is nicknamed the "dumb money phenomenon" because people rely on old news. Traders with a lot of experience may make some good deals in the first 15 minutes. They are mostly mean reversal traders. Beginners who have never heard of "dumb money" or the strategy that experienced traders use to fight against it will think the market is very volatile. So, it's better to wait until 9:30 than to jump in at 9:15. Trading at the open Not all moves are bad. After these first extreme trades, the market will have the right amount of volatility for beginners. Since this is the case, the best time to trade is between 9:30 am and 10:30 am. There are many benefits to intraday trading in the first few hours after the market opens: The first hour of the day is usually the most volatile, giving you plenty of chances to make the best trades of the day. The market is liquid enough to get in and out of during the first hour. Since there is more volume, liquid stocks are likely to be sold off faster. – It has been shown that the stocks bought or sold in the first hour make some of the biggest moves of the whole trading day. If you do it right, it can give you the best returns of any time during the trading day. But you should also prepare for large losses in the first hour due to volatility. – After 11 a.m., trades usually take longer and involve fewer people, which is bad for intraday traders who need to finish their deals by 3:30 p.m. If you need more time, it would be a good idea to keep this session going until 11 a.m. But day trading is a better fit for the strategy of only trading in the first hour. Think about the bigger picture. The range of 9:30 to 10:30 is not a rule that every trader must follow. It's good for beginners in general, but you can change it to fit your needs. It's smart to think about the bigger picture. For example, one strategy for intraday trading is to keep the day of the week in mind along with the best time frame. Monday afternoon is often a good time to buy on the market because prices tend to go down at the beginning of the trading week. Experts say that you should sell on Fridays, right before the drop on Monday. Also, not every trader needs to do something during that first hour. People who usually make more than one trade in a day can choose a shorter time frame. Intraday traders who only make a few trades each day can choose a longer time frame instead. Traders with a lot of experience may also change their time frame on different days, depending on how busy they are.

image

How much time should you spend researching stocks?

Researching stocks is not a long process, but it can take a beginner anywhere from 2 to 4 hours to finish the whole thing. A platform like Zebull Smart Trader for stock screening and fundamental analysis can help get the job done faster. Why should you look into stocks? Researching doesn't just mean reading about a company's founders and how it makes money. It takes into account all internal and external factors, such as the company's financial statements and how well it does in its industry and compared to its peers, among other things. I'm sure you spend a lot of time researching new gadgets (like a cell phone) before you buy them, so why not do some research before you buy a share in a company? How long should you spend researching? People have different ideas about how much time they need to spend researching stocks. Even so, the job is a lot easier now that there are platforms and tools for advanced screening and fundamental analysis. With just a few clicks and taps on your computer, you can get all the information you need about a company. But this isn't where the main part starts. Before you can start, you have to figure out which sector and industry you want to invest in. Once you know, the next steps will be a lot easier. You can use the "Top-down Method" to find a potential industry. With this method, you start with the economy and narrow your list down to one or two stocks of a potential industry. Let’s follow an example. Assume you have a good opinion of the IT Industry. There are a few things you can do to find the best stock in the industry. First, you need to look at the economy as a whole to see if the IT space is in a growth phase or not. Next, you can go straight to the specific sector (in this case, the IT sector) and try to narrow your search to an even smaller niche. To find these pieces of information, you might have to read business articles and analysts' predictions. If you have done this before, it shouldn't take more than a couple of hours. For a beginner, the same process could take an extra hour or more. In the same way, picking stocks isn't too hard because you can get all the financial information you need from fundamental analysis platforms like Zebull Smart Trader. The whole process could take anywhere from two to four hours, depending on how good you are at research and how far you want to go. After you've done a lot of research, you'll be left with a few high-quality stocks in your favourite industry that you can safely put your money into. What are your other choices? Now that you know how the task is done and how long it will take, you can save time if you still want to. Mutual funds are an easy way to invest because you don't have to do all the research and stock picking. Your job will be done by a person who is in charge of the fund. In the same way, you can invest in index funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that track the whole Nifty50 or Sensex and give returns based on that. You can save the time you would have spent analysing stocks by using these.