On the stock market, investors can buy and sell shares, bonds, and other types of financial assets. A stock exchange is a platform where investors and traders can buy and sell shares.
The two biggest stock exchanges in India are the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE). Also, businesses can list their shares for the first time on a market called the primary market. The shares are then bought and sold again on the secondary market.
Roles of Stock Market Participants: A stock market is a place where financial products can be bought and sold. Brokers, traders, and investors must register with SEBI, the exchange (BSE, NSE, or regional exchanges), and the companies they work for before they can trade (listing their shares).
Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI): SEBI is the market regulator whose main job is to make sure that the Indian stock market runs smoothly and openly so that average investors can invest without worrying. SEBI has set up rules that all exchanges, businesses, brokerages, and other participants must follow.
Stockbrokers: Members of exchanges are stockbrokers. They are the middlemen who carry out investors' buy and sell orders in exchange for a fee. In the Indian system, investors must trade through broking houses or brokers, who act as middlemen.
Investors and traders are the two main types of people who take part in the market. When investors buy stock in a company, they want to keep it for a long time and make money from it. traders buy and sell stocks, while investors only buy and hold stocks.
Investors' actions are influenced by the success of a company, its potential for long-term growth, dividend payments, and other similar things. On the other hand, traders are affected by price changes as well as supply and demand.
Let's talk about the two types of markets we've already talked about.
When you trade on the stock market, you try to match buyers and sellers. Your broker sends your offer to buy to the stock exchange, which then compares it to a seller's offer. Once the price has been set, the exchange tells your broker that the trade is done. At that point, the transaction takes place. In the meantime, the bourse checks the information of the buyer and seller to avoid defaults. After that, the actual transfer of stocks takes place to end trading.
The process used to take days, but digitization has helped cut the time down to T+2, or within two days of the transaction, and work is being done to get it down to T+1.